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The New CPR Protocol For People Who Have Taken A CPR Course Prior To 2007


It was recently estimated that over 300,000 people suffer from a heart attack outside of a hospital in America every year. Out of these people around 6% manage to survive, a number that many experts believe can be raised if the general population has taken a CPR course.  However, despite the number of people knowing CPR being high many people have either forgotten their skills or are too scared to use it. Those who are using their skills are often using an outdated protocol.

Firefighters in Seattle have been training people in CPR since back in 1971, this is why the city has one of the highest heart attack survival rates in the country. Almost everyone including taxi drivers are trained in CPR. However, EMT’s in the country strongly emphasize that without the general public understanding and practicing the latest protocol a lot of the effort they put in is wasted.

The scare factor

The majority of people who have taken a CPR course are often afraid of doing any type of mouth to mouth. You don’t have to do mouth to mouth during the first few minutes because the victim already has quite a bit of oxygenated blood in their vital organs i.e. brain, lungs, and heart. But bystander chest compressions are very important. However, some people are afraid of hurting the victim, in which case experts point out that you cannot hurt a dead victim. Your chest compressions are giving that person a few extra minutes of life until the EMTs arrive. This is something that you always need to keep in mind when performing or thinking of helping someone who is in trouble.


The arrival of treatment at the scene

The American College of Emergency Physicians Scientific Assembly found that an increasing number of cardiac arrest patients got back their heartbeats after EMS (Emergency Medical Services) adopted the new CPR guidelines. The new guidelines dictates that EMTs at the scene provide treatment in addition to CPR prior to transporting to the victim to the hospital.

The overall rate of victim’s heart being restored was around 70% more in 2007 as compared to that in 2000 prior to the new protocol being introduced. The new protocol downplays the use of restoration of ventilation directly in favor of continued chest compressions coupled with life support efforts for around 20 minutes. Also if EMTs are not able to restore the pulse in 20 minutes they can remotely contact a physician and terminate resuscitation efforts.

What does this mean for bystander CPR?

Bystanders who know CPR need to first start with determining the cause of the victim collapsing. Check to see if there is a heartbeat, if there is no heartbeat then start with chest compressions. In the meantime try and find out what illness or problems the victim is having. If for instance, it’s an allergic reaction to something he or she ate then check the victim’s pockets for an injection that is used to counter the situation. The patient should be treated with the injection as soon as the heart starts beating.

If the victim collapses because of a cardiac arrest, the new protocol dictates that bystanders should continue with only chest compressions for the first ten minutes until emergency services arrive. A defibrillation system should only be an option if the bystander is not able to revive the person within the first ten minutes. Defibrillation units that are designed for use by a lay person should be used. However, if these units are not available then chest compressions should be continued till the person arrives.

A person who collapses because of a difficulty breathing is usually still breathing or their heart is beating. The best thing to do here is to first open out all the airways and make sure that there is no obstruction. In the case of an asthma patient their medication i.e. inhaler should be administered. CPR should only be used when the victim’s pulse fades or the heart stops. Health Corp reminds people that that the new protocols dictate that treatment comes first and CPR is used as a backup tool to restore heart function. Defibrillation should only be used as a last resort unless you’ve taken a best CPR courses in online that outlines how it’s used.

Increase your chances to score good in IELTS with the best coaching classes

Everybody who wants to study abroad in American or European institution needs to pass the IELTS exam. The IELTS is acronym of International English Language Testing System. It is a language proficiency test renowned all over the world. It is a mandatory test that is necessary to take admission in foreign institutions for higher education.

Students taking a test at the University of Vi...

If you are not a national of English speaking country, then, you must take the IELTS exam as it gives a better understanding of the language. With an increase in competitiveness in IELTS, it is better if you have a good guide and get good training to pass the exam.

Best training in IELTS can be a vital factor in deciding the success of a student in the exam. With so many options for the best IELTS coaching in Delhi, the students have many choices to choose from. Some points to remember while choosing a coaching for IELTS are as following:

•     A training institute with training available for various exams such as TOEFL, IELTS, and GMAT will be a good option. The trainers at these institutes have good knowledge of the syllabus and the pattern of such exams. These exams are either similar or related to each other hence it will be a privilege to get admission in such an institute. This increases your chances of scoring better.

•     The crowd going to the coaching centres determines about the quality of the education provided at the centre. If your fellow students are working professionals employed in multi -national firms or are students from good universities, then, it will be a plus point as you can exchange valuable information with them. This also increases the chance of improving your grammar through interaction with them.

•     The institution you select should provide excellent quality of study materials. The coaching centre should give its students a lot of work to do at home. If the institution charges extra for the study materials, then, there are good chances that you will get a good quality study material.

•     A minimum of two hours class must be conducted by the coaching centres for effective training. Timing less than that will not be enough for scoring good grades in IELTS.

•     If the institute has employed foreign training staffs that belong to a native English speaking country, then, it will be very helpful for the students. This will help in speeding of the process of learning and improving the quality of English.

•     The count of students in one class is also very important. Proper attention should be given to every student, but it decreases with an increase in strength of the class. There must be at least 1 teacher for every 8 students. This is considered to be the ideal ratio in a good coaching institute.

Apart from these aspects, the timing of the classes and the fee structure are also very important factors to be considered. You should choose an institute that you can afford and that suits your timing. Once you have enrolled in a good institute, you have more chances to achieve a good score in IELTS.

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How To Write An Executive CV: Top Tips

The length of an executive CV, most of the times, should not exceed 2 pages. If you are afraid that by leaving off some information you are “cutting muscle” of your resume, you might end up with a historical representation of your career that adds no value for the recruiter. Also, it is always worth checking if you can use a more succinct wording to describe your work achievements. The art of shortening a resume to include only the information relevant to a position is not easy to master, once you get there though, you will be surprised by the impact of your resume.

Portfolio managementA good executive resume should be focused on the target positions or companies.  This practically means that you may need more than one resume. For example, if you have experience in accounting and investment banking (more than one function) or a strong knowledge of more than one industry, you should write different resumes for each one. According to Louise Fletcher, Recruitment expert, this practice allows you to focus only on the aspects of your expertise and experience that match the employer’s needs. You can also achieve greater consistency throughout the resume and make it more coherent.

Except for your resume(s) your career “portfolio” should include an updated Linkedin profile, executive bios (in varying lengths) and letters for different occasions (networking, follow-up etc.).

Clear value proposition


A unique value proposition not only serves as your personal branding but also saves recruiters’ valuable time. Most importantly, it helps employers understand fast who you are and why they should consider you for a role. To make your personal statement unique, start by taking off over-used phrases such as “results-oriented” and “great communicator”. You will know that your personal statement is powerful when it indicates clearly what you can bring to a company and what makes you stand out.


It goes without saying that an executive resume should list quantifiable achievements -for instance “increased sales by 10%” rather than merely describe responsibilities. In this example though there is something missing. In order for your reader to really appreciate your achievements, you need to put them into context.  Try to rephrase “increased sales by 10%” to “reversed a four-year sales decline and increased sales 10% in the first year”. This simple tweak in wording makes a big difference in terms of how you showcase your achievement.

Focus on the present

Many executives feel their CV should market them through a list of past roles and activities, believing these are the basic elements of their ‘proposition’ to a prospective employer. This leads to very little in differentiating the applicants for a position if they have all been operating at a similar level. You need to articulate your current skill set with past achievements being consolidated in a more streamlined and succinct way to simply back it up. Pitching your CV heavily in the present tense is largely an exercise in reinterpreting your career history into a modern selling tool.

Preparing for ICET 2014


It is a common knowledge that people today are taking their education and career very seriously. It is a significant affair for them, and thus the exams, which are being conducted by various authorities are also being treated as the big national events. The big professional course, which is attracting a large number of graduates today, is the management program. To enter into a good business school, a number of entrance exams are there, and one of these is the Integrated Common Entrance Test or ICET.

Questions about the location of the sunrise.

Questions about the location of the sunrise. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

About the paper:

This particular exam is taken by students who want to pursue their management education from the Universities of Andhra or any affiliated college. Now it is time that the university has declared the admissions for the session starting in 2014. For this, the students need to appear for the ICET 2014 exam and have to go through a small round of group discussion and interview. The process is much common as like other competitive tests.This exam is organised every year by the Kakatiya University, Warangal. The people who want to get admission into any college, for this course needs to score at least 25% marks in this exam. This criterion is applicable to all the candidates apart from the scheduled caste and scheduled tribes. For these students, there is no qualifying percentage applicable. The paper consists of 200 questions in total which have to be attempted by the candidates in 150 minutes. The pattern of the exam is much simpler and is published as official information on the official website of the institute. It is an MCQ type of test.

Syllabus: There are three basic sections of the test, which are again subdivided in few more sub-sections.

The people who are going to take this exam in 2014 are preparing hard on the subjects included in the ICET 2014 syllabus which is as follows:

1. Analytical ability, which comprises 75 questions and each question carries 1 mark.

a. Data sufficiency, which holds a total of 20 questions with 1 mark each.

b. Sequences and series- In this section there are 25 questions in the paper, all of which carry 1 mark each.

c. Data analysis has 10 questions in the entire paper, which again are of 1 mark each.

d. Coding and decoding problems- there are 10 questions of this type in the paper with 1 mark each.

e. Date, time and arrangement carry 10 questions with 1 mark each.

2. Mathematical ability consists of total 75 questions with one mark each.

a. Arithmetical ability- 35 questions

b. Algebraic and geometric ability- 30 questions

c. Statistical ability- 10 questions

3. Communication ability has 50 questions related to it each carrying one mark.

a. Vocabulary- 10 questions

b. Business and computer technology- 10 questions

c. Functional grammar- 15 questions

d. Reading comprehension- 15 questions

This test is quite necessary for those who want to get admission in any sort of MBA or MCA course.

The Education Available In Singapore

The body responsible for the education of Singaporean students is the Ministry of Education (MOE). It controls all state schools, and simultaneously provides advice to, and supervision of, private institutions. Education is provided free to all of Singapore’s citizens.

Primary education

For children in Singapore, primary education usually begins at the age of seven. In total, it involves six years of schooling, made up of two important stages: the ‘Foundation Stage’, covering Years One to Four, and the ‘Orientation Stage’, covering Years Five and Six. From Year One onwards, all students learn at least two languages – English, plus their ‘mother tongue’. Given Singapore’s multicultural composition, mother tongue options include Malay, Chinese, Tamil or Non-Tamil Indian Language (commonly shortened to NTIL). Students also learn a range of other subjects, including maths, social sciences, health and physical education, music, arts and crafts and civics and moral education. Science education doesn’t start until Year Three of primary school.

Once they hit Orientation Stage, students are streamed. This means that they are put into classes with pupils who are deemed to have a similar level of ability. Different streams exist for different subjects. For example, a student might in a top-stream group (or ‘A class’) for English, but a mid-stream group (or ‘B class’) for maths.

Upon completing primary school, Singaporean children take the Primary School Leaving Examination (PSLE), which is conducted nationally. The results gained directly influence which secondary school the student is able to attend.


Gifted education for primary students

Since 1984, the Ministry of Education has been aware that gifted children require extra attention and care. Consequently, the Gifted Education Programme was established. At present, it is only offered in nine schools in Sinapore: Tao Nan School, St Hilda’s, Raffles Girls’, Rosyth, Nanyang, Nan Hua, Henry Park, the Anglo-Chinese School and the Catholic High School.

Rather than adhering to the standard education curriculum, the Gifted Education Programme puts emphasis on developing creativity and higher-order thinking. The idea is to encourage talented students to fulfil their potential in a meaningful fashion.

Secondary education

After receiving their PSLE results, pupils are sorted into four different groups. These are titled ‘Special’, ‘Express’, ‘Normal (Academic)’ and ‘Normal (Technical)’.

The first two – Special and Express – are designed for students who have shown the capacity to pursue tertiary education. Their secondary experience is a course of four years in length, the main aim of which is preparation for the Singapore-Cambridge GCE examination (‘O’ levels). The Special and Express groupings are fairly similar, the main difference being that Special students take ‘Higher Mother Tongue’ (as opposed to the standard variety of the subject).

‘Normal (Academic)’ and ‘Normal (Technical)’ categories mean four years of secondary schooling, but with the intention of sitting a ‘Normal-level’ examination at the conclusion. In other words, it’s a less challenging syllabus with a less advanced outcome. If Normal students perform to an exceptional standard, they do have the option of studying for an extra year and thereby completing their O levels. As suggested by the names, the ‘Normal (Technical)’ course tends to involve more practical subjects than the ‘Normal (Academic)’ course.

singapore school

Experiencing education in Singapore first-hand

If you are thinking of moving to Singapore, and are concerned about what the change might mean for the education of your children, then paying an advance visit might be well worth it. Reading about another education system is one thing, but experiencing it is quite another. Talking face-to-face with locals, expats, teachers and students can prove extremely helpful. There are plenty of hotel rooms to stay at in Singapore temporarily until you find a place to live, but it can be a good idea to book in advance, as it’s an exceptionally busy destination.

Having lived in Singapore for a number of years, Jessica wants to share as much information to assist future travelers and ensure they can best plan their journeys.