Elementary schools provide education from Class 1 to Class 8 in India. The children in these classes are normally aged between 6 to 14 years. It is the next stage after kindergarten. Middle School (Class 6th to 8th) is the next stage after primary education. Students in Classes 1st to 3rd are taught English, Hindi, Mathematics, Environmental Science, and General Knowledge. In class 4th and 5th the environmental science subject is replaced by General Science and Social Studies. Some schools introduce a third language in Class 5th. Sanskrit and French are the common third languages taught in Indian schools. In some schools, Class 3rd to Class 5th is labeled as primary education and up to class 2nd as pre-primary education because many new concepts are introduced in this class. Students are taught painting instead of drawing, exams are taken, and Word Sum Puzzle in math’s is introduced along with geometry.
Primary education is the first stage of compulsory education. It is preceded by pre-school or nursery education and is followed by secondary education. The major goals of primary education are to achieve basic literacy and numeracy amongst all students and to establish foundation in science, mathematics, geography, history and social sciences. Primary education is provided in schools, where the student stays in steadily advancing classes until they complete it and move on to secondary school. Students are placed in classes with one teacher who is responsible for their education and welfare for that year. This teacher is assisted by specialist teachers in certain subject areas like music or physical education. The continuity with a single teacher and the opportunity to build up a close relationship with the class is an important feature of the primary education system. Various forms of corporal punishment which were an integral part of early education have recently come under scrutiny and in many cases have been outlawed especially in Western countries.
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