BE/B.Tech: Overview

Both the Bachelor in Engineering (BE) and Bachelor in Technology (B.Tech) courses are professional engineering degree ones. Indeed, they are undergraduate-level courses that have a 4-year duration. The aspirants who successfully clear their 12th standard examination from Science stream are eligible to apply for these programs.

Internationally, the graduate-level professional engineering programs are grouped under 2 categories that are BE and B.Tech. The BE programs focus more on theoretical knowledge while the B.Tech ones are more skill-oriented and practical in nature. Even so, in India, Both BE and B.Tech courses’ syllabus and pedagogy are the same; only, they differ in nomenclature.

In India, there are many premier colleges – such as the IIMs and IITs – that conduct the aforesaid courses.

BE/B.Tech: Eligibility Criteria

As mentioned earlier, the applicant should pass the Class 12th standard examination from Science stream as per the BE/B.Tech courses’ eligibility criteria. More so, the aspirants who have compulsory subjects such as Physics, Mathematics, and Chemistry are given more weightage during admissions.

Under the lateral entry scheme for getting admissions to the BE/B.Tech programs, the eligible candidates are admitted directly to the second year of these courses. However, the candidate must secure a Diploma in technical trades to gain lateral entry to the 2nd Year BE/B. Tech courses.

BE/B.Tech: Admission Process

A considerable percentage of India’s youngsters aspire for admission to the engineering courses – like BE and B.Tech. However, the admissions are granted on merit basis, as per their scores in the engineering entrance exams. Some popular entrance examinations include AP EMCET, BITSAT, JEE Advanced, JEE Main. Through these exams, the candidates are tested on their knowledge of the basics of engineering. Also, the syllabus of the question paper conforms to the Class 12th one.

The shortlisted candidates are, then, called for counseling and other screening rounds. Thereafter, depending on their overall performance, the examining authorities give admissions to the BE/B.Tech programs.

BE/B.Tech: Entrance Examinations

In the following details, you can find more information on the various entrance exams for admissions to the BE and B.Tech courses.

National Level Engineering Entrance Exams

The National-level Engineering exams are conducted for admitting students to the National-level Engineering Colleges. Also, there are some state-level and private institutes that consider scores of the candidate’s rank in the national-level entrance exams for giving admissions. The two most popular national-level engineering entrance examinations are studied below.

Joint Entrance Examination – Main (JEE Main)

The JEE Main is an All India level engineering entrance examination that is conducted for screening candidates who aspire for admissions to India’s top engineering colleges; namely, the IITs and NITs.

Also, the JEE Main is an eligibility test for the JEE Advanced exams that is the second phase of the Joint Entrance exams that screens the candidates for admission to the country’s premier technology institutes – such as the IITs.

Joint Entrance Exam – Advanced (JEE Advanced)

After the JEE Main and as part of the second stage of testing those aspirants who want admissions in the renowned technology and engineering colleges (such as the IITs), there is the JEE Advanced entrance exam. In fact, the top 224000 candidates who have cleared the JEE Main exam are eligible to appear for the JEE Advanced exam.

State-Level Engineering Entrance Exams

There are several Indian states that hold the state-level engineering entrance exams to admit pupils for the professional programs that are proposed by the state-run government educational institutions. Also, there are many private colleges that accept the candidate’s scores of the state-level entrance exams when giving admissions.

The state-level engineering entrance examinations that are held to screen candidates for admission to the B.Tech courses are as follows.

West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination (WBJEE)

The WBJEE is a state-level entrance test that the West Bengal Joint Entrance Examinations Board (WBJEEB) conducts. The engineering entrance examination helps to screen the candidates for granting admissions to the various undergraduate and postgraduate courses in a host of disciplines. These include Architecture, Technology, Engineering, and Pharmacy. The programs are conducted by the Government-managed colleges and universities that are funded by the West Bengal Government.

UPSEE - Uttar Pradesh State Entrance Examination

The Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University (AKTU) conducts the state-level UPSEE entrance examination. Through this exam, the engineering aspirants can get admissions in the professional courses that are proposed by institutes, having affiliation with AKTU. In addition to the government-managed colleges, there are, also, many privately-managed engineering institutes that consider scores of the candidates for admitting them to their B.Tech courses.

Institute-Specific Engineering Entrance Examinations

There are several private engineering institutes that conduct their own entrance exams for screening students, based on which they grant admissions to the various courses that they offer. Some private institutes that hold their own entrance examinations are discussed below.

Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test (BITSAT)

For getting admissions in the Birla Institute of Technology and Science at Pilani, the applicants have to appear for the institute’s entrance exam, the BITSAT. Also, the institute had other allied campuses in cities - such as Hyderabad and Goa – for which the institute invites applications. Then, on the basis of their performance in the entrance exam and other screening rounds, the candidates get admissions.

VIT Engineering Entrance Examination (VITEEE)

The VITEEE is conducted by the Vellore Institute of Technology and is specific to the VIT in Vellore and Chennai. As such, the candidates who clear this entrance examination have to attend the other rounds. Then, depending on their overall performance, they can pursue the engineering courses at the aforesaid institutes.

BE/B.Tech: Scope of Study

Both theoretical and practical knowledge are part of the syllabus of the BE/B.Tech courses. Additionally, they are technology-oriented courses that focus on application and skill-oriented study. Simply put, these engineering courses emphasize on developing the students’ practical skills. Hence, internships, workshops, and industrial visits are mandatory during the engineering courses in India.

BE/B.Tech: Various Specializations

The BE/B.Tech pupils have a range of specializations to choose from, as seen below.

  • Opto-mechanical Engineering
  • Bio-molecular Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Molecular Engineering
  • Material Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Corrosion Engineering
  • Process Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Transport Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Structural Engineering
  • Water Resources Engineering
  • Computer Engineering
  • Electronic Engineering
  • Power Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Optical Engineering
  • Manufacturing Engineering
  • Acoustical Engineering
  • Sports Engineering
  • Power-plant Engineering
  • Vehicle Engineering
  • Thermal Engineering
  • Interdisciplinary Specializations in Engineering
  • Energy Engineering
  • Agricultural Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Applied Engineering
  • Biomedical Nanoengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Building Services Engineering
  • Biological Engineering
  • Railway Engineering
  • Energy Engineering
  • Mechatronics Engineering
  • Industrial Engineering
  • Military Engineering
  • Engineering Management
  • Nuclear Engineering
  • Nanoengineering
  • Project Engineering
  • Petroleum Engineering
  • Systems Engineering
  • Textile Engineering
  • Software Engineering

BE/B.Tech: India’s Best Colleges to Pursue the Courses

As per the Ministry of Human Resource Development’s NRF survey, India’s top 10 engineering colleges include:

  • Indian Institute of Technology in Bombay
  • Indian Institute of Technology in Delhi
  • Indian Institute of Technology in Kharagpur
  • Indian Institute of Technology in Madras
  • Indian Institute of Technology in Roorkee
  • Indian Institute of Technology in Gandhinagar
  • Indian Institute of Technology in Kanpur
  • Indian Institute of Technology in Hyderabad
  • Indian Institute of Technology in Patna
  • Indian Institute of Technology in Ropar-Rupnagar

BE/ B.Tech : Future Prospects

After successful completion of the B.Tech courses, the graduates can go for higher studies in Engineering or take up a job. Refer to the following details to know more about the various available options.

Advanced Studies

The BE/B.Tech graduates who want to pursue further studies in engineering have the option of enrolling in the postgraduate-level professional degree Master of Engineering (ME) and Master of Technology (M.Tech) programs.

Similar to the B.Tech courses where the students have to choose from the given specializations, there are specializations in the ME/M.Tech courses as well. Through the advanced engineering courses, the pupils get the knowledge and skills in the chosen disciplines, following which they can take up positions of higher authority in organizations.

However, for admissions to the ME/M.Tech courses in India’s premier engineering colleges (like the NITs and IITs), the aspirants have to appear for the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE). Thereafter, their performance is evaluated and, accordingly, the admission process ensues.

Masters of Business Administration (MBA)

One of the most popular study options after completing the BE/B.Tech courses is the MBA program. Normally, the engineering graduates get jobs via campus placements. Then, after gaining few years of work experience, they opt for the management degree programs. However, to apply to the MBA programs, the applicants have to appear for the MBA entrance exams – such as CMAT, MAT, XAT, and CAT, among others.

Career Prospects

Post successful completion of the BE/B.Tech programs, the pupils can avail a range of career opportunities, as studied in the following details.

Campus Placements

Many engineering colleges have placement cells that provide 100% placement assistance to the graduating students. For the same, they organize campus interviews where companies are invited for recruiting the students. As such, the pupils get work experience in technical roles and can benefit from the work experience that they gain.

PSU Jobs

There are, also, Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) that employ B.Tech pupils for entry-level jobs. Though, the individuals have to appear for GATE. Then, on the basis of their marks obtained and performance in other rounds, the authorities select the candidates.

More so, there are some PSUs that hold their own entrance exams as part of the screening process for the entry-level jobs.

Engineering Services Exam

Another option that the engineering graduates can avail is to appear for the Engineering Services Exam (ESE) that the Union Public Service Commission conducts. The aspirants who want government jobs in varied sectors (like Railways, PWD, and Defense) can apply for this exam. However, bear in mind that the ESE exam is a difficult one and, also, there are 3 phases of the screening process.

Private Companies

There are, also, private companies to which the BE/B.Tech graduates can apply to. Further, they can opt for employability tests (such as eLitmus and AMCAT) to improve their chances of getting jobs in the private sector companies. Thereafter, they can acquire work experience, get promotions and climb the corporate ladder.

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