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How to Prepare for NDA

In India, twice in a year, the NDA exam is conducted to induct candidates in the Indian Armed Forces that includes the Indian Air Force, Indian Army, and Indian Navy. The exam entails a Written Test and an Intelligence & Personality Test. The Union Public Services Commission (UPSC) conducts the Written Test and the Services Selection Board (SSB) holds the Intelligence & Personality Test. However, only the candidates who successfully clear the Written Test are invited for the Intelligence & Personality Test.

The Written exam has two sections: Mathematics (300 marks) and General Ability (600 marks). The General Ability paper has two sections: English (200 marks) and General Knowledge (400 marks). Each paper lasts for 2 to 2.5 hours, with objective-type questions.

The Intelligence & Personality test assesses the candidate’s mental aptitude, personality, and general intelligence.

The NDA exam’s eligibility norms for the Army require the candidate to pass the 12th standard. However, for the Air Force and Navy, they must clear the 12th standard, having subjects such as Mathematics and Physics.

Upon successful completion of the exam, the candidates have to attend training at the National Defence Academy (NDA). The NDA is situated in Pune city in India’s Maharashtra state. Also, the Academy is recognized to be the world’s first tri-academy where trainees of the Navy, Army and Air Force receive training.

After completing the NDA programs successfully, the cadets move to their respective academies before getting commissioned. The Army cadets are sent to Dehradun’s Indian Military Academy. The Air Force cadets move to the Air Force Association (AFA) at Hyderabad’s Dundigal. The Naval cadets have to attend the Indian Naval Academy in Kerala’s Ezhimala. Then, after they complete their respective training, they are equipped for the Indian Armed Forces.

NDA Exams: Preparation Tips

  • Set your time-table to study for the NDA exam. Also, if possible, study for your Class X and NDA exams simultaneously.
  • Understand the exam syllabus and include all subjects in your study time table. Allot each time to each subject suitably.
  • For the Mathematics section, you must become familiar with the various concepts and get enough practice by solving Maths problems every day.
  • To prepare for the English section, you must refer to books, newspapers, and magazines. By doing so, you can improve your vocabulary, learn new words and, also, become proficient in English.
  • The GK section tests the candidate’s knowledge of Current Affairs. The test has six sections – including Current Events, Chemistry, General Science, Geography, Physics, and Indian History. As part of your preparation for this section, be sure to read newspapers and remain updated on the recent developments of the country’s and the world’s economic scenario.
  • Focus on developing your overall personality for the Intelligence & Personality Test. The test evaluates the applicant’s reaction to situations, teamwork skills, sense of responsibility, social interactions, and leadership abilities. Take psychological tests to discover more facets of your personality. Then, take steps to groom yourself for the professional world.
  • Take 2-3 mock tests in a week to get an idea of what you can expect in the exam. Also, solve the question papers of previous years regularly. Then, you can identify your weak areas after evaluation of your performance. Subsequently, take the necessary steps to improve your problem-solving skills.
  • To prepare for certain subjects, refer to books of Classes VI, VII, and VIII – if needed. They list out the various subject concepts in an easy-to-understand format.
  • The exam has negative marking, so avoid guesswork or your marks will be deducted. If you are not sure about the correct answers in the multiple-choice questions, try eliminating the wrong options. However, the best strategy is to answer only if you are sure about the answers.
  • Learn time management for you have a time limit to answer the questions. All the same, when you take practice tests, then adhere to the time restrictions. You can develop your time-management skills by doing so.
  • Be prepared for leading the life of an Officer, begin to think and behave like one.
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