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How to Prepare for PSU

In India, Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) are government units and can be corporate or state-owned entities. They manage the commercial activities of the government. They work on large projects and, in turn, create employment opportunities. However, the aspiring candidates have to clear the PSU exam to avail jobs in the PSUs.

GATE is conducted by seven Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and the Indian Institute of Science (IISC) on behalf of the National Coordination Board of GATE that comes under the Department of Higher Education of the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) of the Union Government of India.

GATE is devised for aspiring engineers to get admissions in India’s premier institutes - such as the IISC and IITs. However, the PSUs have started to consider GATE scores for recruiting candidates, thus persons who are aspiring for jobs in the PSUs have to give the GATE exam as well.

As mentioned earlier, some PSU’s require the aspirants to clear the (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) to qualify for the given vacancies. Now, if a PSU has GATE score as a criterion, then the candidate can go for the Group Discussion or Personal Interview rounds directly, as per the schedule.

On the other hand, if GATE scores are not needed, then the applicant has to clear the entrance exam of the particular PSU. Then, after they successfully clear the entrance examination, they are called for the Group Discussion and Personal Interview rounds.

Some PSU’s that have GATE score as a criterion include MECL, NTPC, GAIL, IOCL, BPCL, HPCL, Mazagon Dok Limited, Vizag Steel, NFL, MECL, and NPCC – to list a few.

PSU Exam: Preparation Tips

If GATE scores are needed

For PSU’s that require GATE score, first the candidate has to clear the GATE. Note that the GATE exam is tough, thus start your preparations early. GATE is a pan-Indian entrance exam that evaluates the candidate’s understanding of varied subjects such as Technology and Engineering.

Here are some tips to prepare for GATE.

GATE Preparation

  • Get well-versed with the GATE syllabus and exam pattern. Subsequently, you can draft your study schedule while covering all the relevant topics.
  • Gather your study material after checking the syllabus. Both online and offline study resources are available. Even so, ensure that you choose only recommended sources.
  • Set aside 2 months for preparing for GATE because the exam is tough and competitive, with a considerable percentage of applicants.
  • Gain a basic understanding of the different subject concepts. Only then, you can solve the questions and score high.
  • Consider drafting notes, for revising through them is easier than referring to books.
  • Practice via previous years’ question papers. By doing so, you become familiar with the exam pattern and get a good idea of what to expect in the exam.
  • Take mock tests as well. These tests help to determine your degree of preparedness. Also, you can recognize your weak areas and, then, work on improving your overall performance.
  • Make sure to adhere to the timelines as per your study schedule. A good strategy is to, also, divide the syllabus into high-scoring and low-scoring subjects and, then, you can focus on the high-scoring ones to increase your score tally.

If GATE score is not a requisite

If GATE scores are not required, then the candidates have to appear for the PSU exam. Refer to the following tips on how to prepare for PSU exam.

  • The PSU exam has two parts: technical and non-technical. The technical section focuses on the chosen specialization stream. And the non-technical section has sections including English Reasoning, Current Affairs, Reasoning & Aptitude, and General Awareness. The candidates should prepare for both sections.
  • Solve the past years’ question papers to get an understanding of your strong and weak areas. Also, then you know what to expect in the exam and, accordingly, can prepare.

Group Discussion

  • For Group Discussions, the applicants are given topics for having a debate and sharing their different perspectives. Also, this round evaluates the candidate’s team-building, leadership, and cooperation skills, in addition to their presence of mind.
  • The following tips may come handy for the group discussion rounds.
  • Read newspapers and watch television. Doing so helps you to know about the recent developments around the world.
  • Focus on improving your General Knowledge. Here, you can refer to a yearbook or take online quizzes on varied topics.
  • Understand the topic that is given during the Group Discussion. Clear any doubts beforehand, if any.
  • Collect your thoughts and put them forward in a concise and precise manner. Also, talk only on the relevancy of the subject and avoid extra talk.
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