The Industrial Training Institute (ITI) has various centers throughout India and they come under the office of the Directorate General Employment and Training (DGET), Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE), Government of India. The centers are considered to be post-secondary schools and impart engineering and non-engineering technical education in several grades.
• Training Schemes
• Craftsmen Training Scheme (CTS)
In the year 1950, the Directorate General of Training (DGT) started the Craftsmen Training Scheme. As part of this initiative, the candidates can choose amongst more than 130 trades. Depending on the chosen trade, the aspirants have to undergo training that lasts from 6 months to 2 years. After the training period, the applicants have to appear for the All India Trade Test (AITT). The successful candidates are awarded the National Trade Certificate (NTC).
The aspirants become eligible to apply for the ITI courses only after completing their 8th, 10th or 12th (depending on the chosen trade); and they have to be within the age group of 14-40 years.
Every year, ITI accepts admission for the new upcoming sessions. As per the National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT) guidelines, the applicants are selected on merit basis in the qualifying exams for a specific trade. Also, students can qualify for the programs by giving a written exam that is managed by the State Government, if public examinations are not conducted.
The private ITI centers have their own admission criteria for enrolling students.
The ITI courses commence in the months of February and August each year.
Under the CTS scheme, some trades that are listed include Baker & Confectioner, Photographer, Electrician, Carpenter, Fitter, Book Binder, Plumber, Foundry Man, Wireman, Tool & Die Maker, Moulder, Marine Filter, Mechanic Motor Vehicle, Painter General, Data Entry Operator, Front Office Assistant, Network Technician, Hospital Waste Management, Counseling Skills, Machine Tool Maintenance, Mechanic Radio & Television, Cutting & Sewing, Gold Smith, amongst others.
• Courses for ITI Students
o Apprenticeship Training Scheme
Post the completion of the ITI courses, the tradesman can avail the option of undergoing apprenticeship training in the varied industries. The training programs are implemented by the DGT, Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE).
The candidates who have appeared in the ITI final examination (AITT) are eligible for the 1-year Apprenticeship programs. Whereas, fresher candidates have to undergo training for 3 years. The trainees are paid stipend every month during the training period.
Lateral Admission in the Polytechnics
Only the aspirants who have passed a minimum of the 2-year ITI courses and been awarded the NTC can avail the opportunity of lateral entry to the 2nd year of the diploma courses at the Polytechnics. The polytechnic educational institutes are approved by the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE). The AICTE runs 3-year engineering courses as per entrance exams under varied names in the diverse states (JEECUP in Uttar Pradesh, JEXPO in West Bengal, CG PPT in Chandigarh etc). Every year, the VOCLET entrance exam is carried out for admitting students in the Polytechnics’ engineering programs as well.