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About Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya (JNV)

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas (JNVs) are public schools that are set up across India with the exception of the Tamil Nadu state, where there were extensive anti-Hindu movements during the past. The JNVs were started by the Union Government of India during the year 1986. Now, after 33 years, there are over 660 schools that are operating from India’s 28 states and 7 union territories.

The Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (NVS) is an autonomous institution that is based in New Delhi and responsible for the management of the JNVs. The NVS works under the Department of School Education & Literacy of the Ministry of Human Resource Development of the Government of India. The Minister of the HRD is the Chairman of the Samiti.

The JNVs have affiliation with the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), New Delhi. Also, they are co-educational and residential schools that provide education from classes VI to XII standard. The students at the JNVs are from India’s rural areas; they receive quality education, irrespective of their backgrounds.

The education and boarding costs of the JNV pupils are borne by the Government of India for the 7 years that they stay at the schools.

Presently, there are 8 regional offices of the JNVs in India. The centers are situated at Shillong, Pune, Patna, Lucknow, Jaipur, Chandigarh, Hyderabad, and Bhopal.

JNVs: Historical Background

Former Prime Minister of India, Rajiv Gandhi, spearheaded the setting up of the JNVs, under the National Policy on Education of 1986. The objective was to provide excellence and social justice. The NVS became a registered body as per the Societies Registration Act of 1860. The plan of the Government of India was to establish one JNV in each of the country’s districts and in a phased manner.

JNVs: Academics

As mentioned earlier, the JNVs have classes for VI to XII. More so, they offer education in streams such as Arts, Science and Commerce for Classes XI to XII.

Further, JNVs offer a range of amenities to the pupils – including smart classes. Besides, they invest in creating an atmosphere that is ideal for knowledge dissemination.

JNVs: Organizational Structure

The NVS operates as per the instructions of the Executive Committee that functions under the Chairmanship of the Minister of HRD. Also, there are 2 sub-committees that are appointed to assist the Executive Committee; these include the Finance and Academic Advisory ones.

Furthermore, the Samiti’s Executive Committee has a Commissioner who is the Executive head of the Administrative team. At the Headquarters level, he is assisted by Assistant, Deputy and Joint Commissioners; and at the Regional level, by Assistant and Deputy Commissioners.

JNVs: Three-language Pattern

As part of the JNVs efforts to facilitate migration, there is a three-language pattern for Classes VI to IX. The languages include English, Hindi, and Regional ones. They are grouped under A level, B-I level, and B-II level; and as per the category of states that are Hindi-speaking, Non-Hindi Speaking (with the exclusion of the North East states), and North-East states.

Nonetheless, CBSE requires the pupils to study only in 2 languages, thus the students have to appear for only A level and B-I level languages during the CBSE exams.

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